Colorado Rights Blog

ACLU of Colorado By: ACLU of Colorado 2.10.2015

Meet Our Clients: Fort Collins Class Action

On Feb. 10, 2015, The American Civil Liberties Union of Colorado filed a class action lawsuit challenging an anti-panhandling ordinance that is being widely enforced by Fort Collins, in violation of the free speech rights of people who are impoverished and homeless, as well as street performers and non-profit canvassers.

Fort Collins police have issued “dozens and dozens” of citations, vigorously enforcing an unconstitutional law that criminalizes peaceful, non-threatening speech and expression, including silent requests for charity from solicitors who simply display a sign asking for help.

Our clients include four individuals who are homeless.  They represent a class of people who want to engage in peaceful requests for charity in Fort Collins.

Our clients also include Nancy York, a 76-year-old resident of Fort Collins.  Because she is over 60, York is classified as “at risk” by the law and therefore cannot be approached by people or organizations requesting charity.  She objects to the classification and believes that she is fully capable of deciding for herself whether or not to make a donation to a person or an organization.

Read more about our Fort Collins clients:

Larry BeallLawrence Beall did not expect to spend his retirement on the streets. But when his former employer was bought by another corporation, his pension was cut to $500/month and he found himself unable to pay rent. To make ends meet, he began panhandling in Old Town Fort Collins, an activity he dislikes and finds embarrassing, but necessary. To avoid sleeping outside on frigid winter nights, Larry uses money he gets from panhandling to buy food and coffee at all-night coffee shops so that he can stay warm.

Every day, Larry is forced to choose between violating the law or going hungry and cold. He’s found that people leaving bars and restaurants in the evening are more likely to give him a couple quarters, as are people stepping out of their cars — who often have loose change in the vehicle — but Fort Collins panhandling law forbids him from asking for help in these circumstances. Larry is very careful to respect the personal space of those he asks for help and is always gracious and thankful to those he approaches. “Bicycle Larry,” as he’s known, tries to show his appreciation for strangers’ generosity by paying it forward in whatever ways he can, often by fixing bikes for other homeless people.

Jeffrey AlanJeffrey Alan spent 30 years traveling the country as a truck driver, a job that he loved. His career was cut short nine years ago when he was diagnosed with cancer. Multiple major surgeries and cancer treatments have left him disfigured, disabled, and unable to hold a steady job. Social security disability checks have not been enough to pay for the basic necessities of life, and so Jeff has spent the better part of the last nine years living on the street, forced to beg for money to pay for food and shelter.

Needing help but not wanting to be obtrusive, Jeff spends many days sitting quietly on a low concrete wall or bench in downtown Fort Collins, where outdoor cafes and banks are nearby, with a sign asking for assistance. He makes sure to stay out of pedestrians’ way and treats passersby with kindness and respect, regardless of whether they are able to offer him any spare change. In order to make enough money for the bare necessities, he must sit in an area with a good amount of foot traffic — often within 100 feet of an ATM or outdoor café — and is sometimes forced to panhandle after dark. His polite, unobtrusive requests for assistance violate Fort Collins panhandling ordinance.


Abby LandowAbby Landow doesn’t feel comfortable verbally asking people for aid, so she sits silently on public sidewalks and benches with a sign asking for help, only speaking when she’s spoken to. Despite her unobtrusive panhandling, she’s been told by police repeatedly to “move on” when panhandling and has been ticketed for violating Fort Collins’s ordinance for simply sitting on a public bench and displaying her sign within sight of an outdoor café. Homeless and destitute, Abby can’t afford to pay the fine for violating the ordinance and has therefore often chosen not to panhandle, even though she’s been in desperate need of assistance.

Susan Wyjunc2mer recently became homeless when she was forced to move out of her Section 8 apartment after the Housing Authority declared her unit unlivable. Her current homelessness and severe health problems, which have rendered her unable to work, have forced her to panhandle in order to pay for life’s necessities such as food and medicine.

Susan believes the Fort Collins community is generous. She frequently asks for their help by flying a sign near ATMs and outdoor cafés or by using her voice to politely ask for spare change or leftover food. She also holds her sign at night when there’s good foot traffic. Susan is careful to never get in people’s way when she’s asking for help and always expresses gratitude when passersby choose to donate. She has found that many people who are older or disabled, like her, are eager to help. Despite the peaceful nature of her panhandling, the police have told her time and again that the way she panhandles, such as at night and near ATMs, violates the panhandling ordinance. Not wanting any trouble with the police, Susan always follows their directions to move on, even when she desperately needs charity. She’s worried that the ordinance will make her have to choose between courteously asking for help and violating the law.

Nancy YorkNancy York is a successful businesswoman, homeowner, and Fort Collins native. She has long been concerned with homelessness and poverty in her hometown and considers herself a community activist. She has been approached countless times over the years by panhandlers and nonprofit organizations soliciting donations, but has never felt threatened or bothered by it and often chooses to share the money she’s earned with those in need. But Nancy is 76 years old, and in Fort Collins it’s a crime to ask her for aid — something she rightfully finds offensive. Nancy is fully capable of making her own decisions on whether or not to give, and does not appreciate the city’s paternalistic and stigmatizing ordinance forbidding panhandlers to approach those over a certain age.

In addition to being insulted by the age restriction of the ordinance, Nancy takes issue with the government’s attempt to push poor people out of sight and keep public spaces open only to those who are well-off. She enjoys talking with those facing poverty and homelessness and believes that everyone has the right to be seen and to ask for help in public places if they need it.

Greenpeace Photo (3)Jennifer Flaherty is the regional coordinator for Greenpeace, Inc.’s Denver officer and plans all canvassing efforts in the Mountain Time zone. Greenpeace is a non-profit that aims to expose global environmental problems and promote solutions for a green and peaceful future. Canvassing, which Greenpeace has done with great success in Fort Collins for the past 8 years, is essential to the organization’s outreach, education, and fundraising strategies. Jennifer trains her canvassers to use their voices to initiate conversations with passersby in a non-obtrusive, polite, and jovial manner. The goal is to talk about the environment and the organization’s programs, as well as encourage membership and solicit donations.

Greenpeace is concerned that canvassers are engaging in behavior that would be banned by Fort Collins’ panhandling ordinance. For example, canvassers are quite often near the many ATMs, bus stops, and outdoor cafes in downtown area. Greenpeace does not want to train its canvassers to discriminate against people who are elderly or disabled, as the panhandling ban would require. After reviewing the text of the panhandling ordinance and learning how the Fort Collins police have enforced the law, Greenpeace fears that its canvassers are at risk of being ticketed and criminally prosecuted.



  • Cedric Watkins is a father, uncle, entrepreneur-in-training, and a vital community pillar for many others. While behind bars, he has tirelessly devoted himself to serving his peers and his community. He developed gang disaffiliation programs for other incarcerated individuals and is currently involved with Defy Ventures. He sends letters and calls his daughter as much as he can.

    Cedric is currently in prison at Sterling Correctional Facility. He was convicted of aggravated robbery, burglary, kidnapping, theft and sentenced to 80 years; no one was seriously injured or killed. For comparison, a person convicted of second-degree murder in Colorado faces a maximum sentence of 48 years. Cedric has already served 20 years and has fully rehabilitated during that time.

    It’s time to bring Cedric home: Redemption is real. Clemency is compassion.

  • On November 21, 2016, 13 Aurora police officers responded to a simple noise complaint at Alberto Torres’s home. As happens all too often, Aurora police officers escalated this minor issue into a brutal affair. They beat Mr. Torres solely because he delayed exiting his garage to ask his wife to interpret for him. With that beating, the lives of Mr. Torres and every member of his family were changed and he has yet to recover. ACLU of Colorado fought to obtain justice for Mr. Torres, and Aurora has now paid him $285,000. But money is not justice, and the brutality of the Aurora Police Department against people of color has continued unabated.

    It doesn’t have to be this way.

    Imagine, if instead of 13 officers being dispatched to Mr. Torres’s home for a noise complaint, the City of Aurora sent a civilian-led response team to check on his welfare and ask that he and his friends lower their sound, resulting in a non-violent solution to a minor issue?

    ACLU Settles Case With Aurora After Police Brutalize and Unlawfully Arrest Alberto Torres

  • Hope is a discipline. It’s a commitment that together, we can create a more perfect union. We won’t rest until we fulfill the promise of equal rights for ALL people in the United States.

    Join us in our fight to fulfill this promise and move forward with hope by donating to the ACLU of Colorado. Your donation supports the ACLU’s strengths that make our work effective and collaborative.

    Donate now at

  • Anthony Martinez is 84-years-old and suffering from renal failure, as well as other serious medical conditions including dementia. He is currently incarcerated in the Sterling Correctional Facility, site of one of Colorado’s largest COVID-19 outbreaks with almost 600 active COVID-19 cases. He and his family are understandably terrified that he will catch the virus and die.

    In the midst of this public health crisis, incarcerated people as vulnerable as Anthony, could and should be immediately released to safely live out their remaining years with family.

    Read more about Anthony Martinez and other at-risk incarcerated people.